Ghazal Ghraoui

Ghazal Ghraoui is currently enrolled in the University of Vienna's MA in Human Rights. She received her Bachelor degree from the University of Damascus, Syria and her Graduate Certificate from the University of Queensland, Australia. Her interest is in methods of combating international crime and terrorism. She recently completed an internship at the UNODC in the Terrorism Prevention Branch. She can be contacted at

What is terrorism?

After the Boston Marathon bombings in 2013, which resulted in the death of three people and injured an estimated 264 others, US President Barack Obama said, “Anytime bombs are used to target civilians, it is an act of terrorism.” What does it mean when we describe something as an act of “terrorism”, and why does it matter? Is terrorism defined by criminal ...

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